Diabetes is growing to be a major concern the world over, many more persons are having this disease, and it’s growing steadily, whether regards new treatments, dieting, or statistics, we read or hear about statistics more frequently than before, even at that, very few still have adequate knowledge about diabetes, there are still lots of misconceptions. Some of them are:
1. Being obese means you will become diabetic
2. High level of sugar consumption causes diabetic
3. There are some foods you can’t eat when you have the disease
4. If you have prediabetes, you will get diabetes
5. Type 1 diabetes always onsets in adolescence
This is actually not diabetes in its real sense, this is when one has early symptoms of diabetes or what is termed markers, but the sugar level isn’t in the range for a diabetic diagnosis yet. When one has prediabetes, type 2 diagnosis is highly expected within ten (10) years, if one doesn’t change lifestyle.
2. Type 1
Type 1 diabetes is a autoimmune disease, up till this moment, medical science still doesn’t have an exact cause, prevention, or cure for this disease. If was once called juvenile, because doctors thought it’s only present in children, but they now know better, because it can also onset in adults too.
The body would partially lose its ability to produce the insulin it needs, when type 1 diabetes onsets in the body, this is because the immune system would attack the beta cells in the pancreas that produces insulin.
3. Type 2
Type 2 diabetes is classified as a metabolic syndrome by medical science, genetics and lifestyle are two (2) major factors that can cause this type of diabetes, age is a minimal factor despite the fact that it’s mostly common amongst those above 40 years of age, children can also have type 2 diabetes. The syndrome is caused by high blood sugar, and the body cells becomes resistant to the insulin produced by the body, the body would produce more insulin with time, but as that happens, the resistance to insulin also continues growing.
Who’s at risk of diabetes?
Doctors don’t assess the risk for type 1 because they still don’t understand the cause or triggers of this type of diabetes in the human body, they only assess for type 2 and prediabetes, and both have a common link which is genetics, it doesn’t however means that once a family member is diabetic, you would also develop diabetes, this is especially with type 2 where diet and lifestyle play a major role. Obesity increases the risk of developing diabetes.
1. Excessive thirst and urination.
When your body witness an elevated blood sugar, it forces the kidney to produce more urine, which could make you urinate up to six (6) times daily, if this is accompanied with an excessive and unquenchable thirst, then that could be an Early’s symptom, even though it may be as a result of normal body fluctuations, it is a prominent factors in all types.
2. Unexplained weight loss
Considering that being overweight increases the risk of developing diabetes, it may sound counterintuitive that weight loss may be a symptom of the same diabetes, but when you urinate more frequently, it leads to the loss of excessive glucose in the body, it also results into the loss of calories, this leads to your body having lesser calories to burn, and results into rapid weight loss.
3. Dry mouth
This is caused by high blood sugar, high level of sugar makes one urinate so much, and makes you thirsty, this inadvertently leads to having dry mouth, both type 1 and type 2 share this symptom.
4. Increased appetite after eating
When you eat a meal, and within few hours, you feel a gnawing hunger, then diabetes may be developing in your body, this means that your cell can’t absorb the extra glucose in the body, and your body can’t burn it as fuel also, so you urinate it out instead. When this happens, this leads your body to want more fuel, and sends signals to your body that you need to eat again. It occurs as a symptom in type 1 and type 2, and also prevalent in prediabetes.
5. Severe Fatigue
It hasn’t yet been concluded as to why people who have diabetes feel tired or fatigued, but doctors and scientists says it’s always a common complain amongst diabetes patients, Symptoms mimic chronic fatigue syndrome, and some other form of diabetes also receive as secondary diagnosis.
6. Feeling shaky
When the sugar level of the blood is high, the body tend to have problems regulating the glucose, the glucose level drops too quickly, and this makes you feel shaky, maintaining a healthy blood sugar level can eliminate this symptom.
7. Blurred vision
This is one of the early symptoms many people do not pay attention to, when people have it, their first point of call is likely to be an eye doctor, blurred vision can result into diabetic retinopathy, and can lead to blindness, hence, when you witness blurred vision, book a double appointment with both your eye doctor and a general health practitioner.
8. Tingling extremities
When your hands, legs, arms, or feet experience tingling or numbness which you can fathom or explain, this may be as a result of diabetic neuropathy, it may take many years before this symptom occurs, because the damage to the nerves takes much time.
9. Belly pain with or without vomiting and nausea
This symptom is common to type 1, but may also occur in type 2. The pain is correlative to the vegus nerve, and may damage the nerve if left untreated. It can cause slower digestion, which may result in pain, vomiting and nausea may occur too.
10. Bruises that refuse to heal
When you have a bruise or cut, and it refuses to heal after a long time, this may be a symptom of diabetes. Prolonged high sugar level slows down the healing process of the skin, making one susceptible to infections, it is common to both type 1 and type 2.
Natural remedies to control diabetes symptoms.
1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, by taking diets that can assist in controlling blood sugar level and weight. Diets like vegetarian diet, flexitarian diet, glycemic index (GI) diet, mediterranean diet, and other forms of diet would help, but make sure you contact your doctor before making diet changes.
2. Limit the intake of simple carbohydrates and processed sugar, simple carbohydrates increases blood sugar level, while complex carbohydrates because of their high fibre content, provide more nutrition without the side effects. Examples of complex carbohydrates are nuts, legumes, berries, oats, and whole wheats.
3. Exercise better
Any form of exercise is better than none when diabetic, exercise helps in shedding body weight and reducing blood sugar level.
4. Take supplements
Fish oil, magnesium, cinnamon, bitter lemon extract, and other science backed natural supplements are recommended. Talk to your doctor before choosing which one to use, as herbal supplements may interfere with other medications and treatments.
If you notice you have one or a combination of any of the above listed symptoms of diabetes, contact your naturopath or doctor for proper diagnosis.
Both conventional and natural treatments can be used in treating type 1 and type 2, their symptoms can be controlled and it allows diabetic people to live life to the fullest.
Resources; health.com and powerofpositivty
Image credit: rd.com